Conclusion: An Exploration into the Laws of Another Planet
In the previous four articles, I tried to show what kind of approach may be adopted to create laws for the people that establish a colony on another planet. I argued that the main issue regarding devising laws for the people living on another planet is the environment. Despite the fact that the laws will still be applied to humans, I argued that we cannot take the laws of Earth and apply them to the colony on another planet, because the environment might have played an important role in the development of the laws throughout history. Nevertheless, we could, at least, overcome the effects of the environment by preserving the basic principles of law and accepting these principles as the ground for creating new laws for those people. In my analysis, I have showed that despite there is a strong connection between the environment and the basic principles of law, they can still be applied to another planet; because, the environment’s influence is overridden by logic. For example, the principle that the laws must be publicized is a requisite for maintaining order and peace in society. The environment may indeed have been influencing the emergence and application of this principle; however, we cannot deny the fact that even in a planet where all environmental and physical conditions are totally different than Earth, this principle will still be valid in order to maintain order and peace in society. The other two principles I analyzed were; the laws must be (i) stable and (ii) applied equally. Although the unique conditions of the society on another planet may lead to the development of a unique understanding of ethics, moral rules or other social rules, and accordingly laws, at least for the beginning, these principles will be easily applied.
While producing ideas about what kind of approach should be adopted while creating laws for the people living on another planet, I intentionally did not touch on what kind of governments will be governing the colony. Because, the system of government will certainly bring another dimension to the laws applicable to the people on that planet. In order to provide a brief analysis of the connection between the environment and the laws, I omitted the said subject. Yet, this may be a subject of another article. In the first article in this subject, I mentioned that SpaceX is targeting to send people to Mars in 2024. SpaceX is not a country; it is a private company. If a colony on Mars or another planet in the future is established by SpaceX, this will require us to think about the system of government on a new level. Because, in that case, the authority that makes human life possible on another planet will be a company, not a country; and we will ask: “Will a private company have the authority to determine rules for the people living on that planet?” If a private company possesses this kind of authority, it will lead to an unprecedented interpretation of the constitutional and administrative laws.
The possibility of establishing a human colony on another planet will certainly open new paths to the different interpretations of law. I believe, the attempts to create laws for governing the people of another planet will also let us improve our traditional understanding of laws, and accordingly, we may have new perspectives to laws that will enable us to better address the needs and problems of the future on Earth.