The Environment’s Effect on the Second Basic Principle: Laws Must Be Stable
In the previous article, I analyzed the connection between the environment and the principle that the laws must be publicized, and I reached the conclusion that this principle is valid regardless of the environment of people and must be observed while creating laws for a colony on another planet. In this article, I will discuss the environment’s effect on two other basic principles of law. The first one is that the laws must be stable.
Stability of the laws is of great importance for establishing order in society, because, where the laws are changing very frequently, people would not be able to take action confidently in their lives. I do not see any necessity in analyzing in detail why the laws should be stable, instead, I would like to discuss the environment’s effect on this principle. Stability is a term that depends on time. Without time, we cannot talk about stability, because, in order to determine that something is stable, we must have observed how it was in the past. Without the concepts of the past and the future, there would be no grounds to discuss whether something is stable or not. We believe that the laws must be stable, because we have the concept of the time. We observe how laws were in the past, now, and discuss how they should be in the future. Of course, when we say “the laws must be stable”, we base this principle on the flow of time on Earth. We know that time is relative and it may change depending on the strength of the gravity. For example, as the gravity of black holes is extremely powerful, the time also gets extremely slower near black holes. Black holes are extreme examples, but the important thing is that the time is affected by the gravity, and on another planet, the time might flow at a different speed than it does on Earth due to the difference between the power of the gravity of planets. Accordingly, on another planet, when we talk about the stability of the laws, we would consider the term “stability” based on the speed of time on that planet. If people on another planet stay in contact with the people on Earth, then they will be able to compare the time of the Earth with the time of that planet. And while the laws of Earth are staying stable for a long time, the said period of time would be much shorter or much longer on that planet, and the people of that planet would think the laws need to be updated or stay same depending on the length of the time experienced on that planet. Therefore, while the principle that the laws should be stable is still valid, its applicability is likely to be different on another planet.
Another thing that may affect the perception of time is the length of a day. The length of a day changes greatly from a planet to another planet. For example, one day on Venus is equal to 116 days and 18 hours on Earth. Another planet, Jupiter, completes a day in 9 hours and 56 minutes. We cannot deny the fact that the length of a day and the loop of the days and nights give us the feeling of time. If suddenly we stop having this loop, our perception of time would be shaken. Even when we calculate the time a project would require, we generally consider the duration of the project in terms of how many days it would take. Therefore, if the duration of a day changes, then our measurement of time will also change. A phenomenon that stayed same for 116 days and 18 hours on Earth may be considered to be stable, however, this period of time will be equal to a day on Venus, and accordingly, on Venus, it may be considered to be a very short time to determine whether something is stable or not. This applies to the laws as well. For example, the laws governing some relations in international commerce stay same for 20 years on Earth, however, this period of time will be equal to around 63 days on Venus and 48 years on Jupiter. 63 days may be very short to change laws on Venus, but on the contrary, 48 years would be considered to be a very long time on Jupiter. The length of day on different planets is likely to affect the approach to the stability of the laws.
In conclusion, I argue that both the gravity and the varying lengths of a day on different planets are likely to affect people’s approach to the principle that the laws must be stable. This principle will still be applicable to the laws on another planet; however, its application is likely to be affected by the varying lengths of time.